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Contemporary Issues Fiqh Living Islam Q and A

The Question of Talfiq: Combining Between Different Opinions

The issue of talfiq is an important one in discussions around Islamic law and ethics. It comes up all the time and can have major consequences on how one thinks about fiqh as well as the choices they make in their life.

Talfiq is basically to take an opinion from one school (i.e. Maliki, Hanbali, etc.) and combine it with another one in the same act of worship. So in the Shafi’i school for example bleeding does not break one’s wudu, but it does in the Hanafi school. Also, in the Shafi’i school reading “Bismillah al-Rahman al-Rahim” at the beginning of al-Fatiha is required while it is not in the Hanafi school. So if someone decided to go with their wudu not breaking during bleeding and then also choose not to recite “Bismillah” at the beginning of prayer then their prayer would be invalid according to both schools. This act of combining is referred to as talfiq.

Scholars take different positions on whether or not the prayer of an individual who did what is mentioned above would be valid. Recently I found a brilliant fatwa from Sh. Muhammad Bakhit al-Muti’i, former Mufti of Egypt during the early part of the 1900s. For anyone not familiar with the calibre of his scholarship I suggest browsing through some of his fatwas and books and reading about his life. This particular response is from November of 1919. I will include the PDF here which can be found in “al-Fatawa al-Islamiyyah” of Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah.

The summary points are the following:

  • It is permissible to do talfiq by taking a position from one madhhab and another from another madhhab as long as the consequence does not go against scholarly consensus.
  • If the consequence does go against scholarly consensus and it is inconceivable for another mujtahid (on the assumption that there is one) to come to that conclusion then that type of talfiq is invalid by scholarly consensus.

Categories
Contemporary Issues Living Islam

“Seek Me Among the Poor.” – Prophetic Guidance for Success, Victory, and Wealth

By Muslema Purmul

The suburban Muslim community in America has a problem. Our masajid are in shambles because we think money alone can save them. We believe the wealthy and powerful can change our condition.

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Inspiration Living Islam

Awe, the Experience of Time, and Well-Being

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) taught us that one of the signs of the end of times is that time will start to move more quickly. Scholars of Islam have interpreted this statement in different ways, but especially for those living in metropolitan areas of the United States, it is easy to understand.

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Living Islam

“How Can I Improve My Faith and Character?” — 3 Elements for Growth

This is a question that we commonly receive. I think that an answer to it, although there are many, can be found in the example of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

There are three elements constantly present in the life of the Messenger that can be adapted and applied to our own lives as well.

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Living Islam

Life After Death: How Can I Help and Benefit Someone After They’re Gone?

It is often said that, “you don’t truly appreciate something until it’s gone.” As much as this is true for objects and material blessings in life, it is also true with one of the most difficult stages of life– death.

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Contemporary Issues Inspiration Living Islam

On Oppression, Allah’s Aid, and Prophetic Love: Reflections on the work of Rami Nashashibi

There’s a lot of important material in the video below that’s imperative for us as a community to digest. Look at the example of those who bring light under extremely trying circumstances, those who serve without limit, those who do not participate in enmity with believers who may even show hostility to them.

“You do not truly believe until you want for your brothers what you want for yourselves.”

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Contemporary Issues Living Islam

The First Level of Disappointment – The Religious Leader

When Religious Leaders Fail | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3

 

(This article was reviewed by a licensed therapist)

 

The first level of disappointment is regarding the religious leader him/herself. Here are the aforementioned points that deal with this level: